What is Oral Cancer?
Oral cancer is a serious disease where cancer cells form in the tissues of the mouth or throat. Being educated helps greatly in catching it early, making a big difference in treatment. Oral cancer can show up in different parts of your mouth, like your lips, tongue, cheeks, the floor of your mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and throat.
Signs and Symptoms
If you know what to look for, you can catch oral cancer early. Some common signs include:
- A sore in your mouth that doesn’t heal
- A lump or thickening in your cheek
- White or red patches on your gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of your mouth
- A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in your throat
- Trouble chewing, swallowing, or moving your jaw or tongue
How is Oral Cancer Treated?
Treatment depends on the type, location, and stage of the cancer. Here are some common treatments:
Surgery for oral cancer might involve removing the tumor and some of the surrounding tissue. It can also include removing lymph nodes if the cancer has spread.
This treatment uses high-energy rays (like X-rays) to kill cancer cells. It’s often used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It can be given alone or with radiation therapy.